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保安员怎么样处理火灾事件?

来源:http://www.cqzhongtebao.com  发布时间:2018-12-13
火灾是最常见的事故之一。当遇到火灾时,保安员应当及时镇定应对,针对各种不同情况进行合理补救,保证人员安全,减少资产损失。
Fire is one of the most common accidents. When confronted with fire, security guards should calm down and deal with it in time, make reasonable remedies for different situations, ensure personnel safety and reduce asset losses.
保安员在发生火灾之后应立即赶到现场,若屋内火势无法控制,应马上脱离,以消防用具进行救火,若少发着火会发出毒雾,需用毛巾堵住口鼻。
Security guards should rush to the scene immediately after the fire. If the fire in the house is uncontrollable, they should leave immediately to use fire fighting equipment. If there is less fire, they will emit poisonous fog. They need to use towels to block their mouth and nose.
一、假如锅子着火:应该关掉煮食炉火,用大盖子或碟子、湿毛巾、灭火毯等盖着锅子,切勿移动锅子,切勿用水泼向火焰,即使火焰看似已经平息,半小时内切勿把盖揭开。
1. If the pot is on fire, you should turn off the cooking stove and cover the pot with a big lid or dish, wet towel, fire blanket, etc. Do not move the pot, do not throw water on the flame, even if the flame seems to have subsided, do not open the lid within half an hour.
二、 假如电气用具着火:关掉总开关,用水或灭火器把火弄熄,但电视机、电脑着火则属破例,电源没有截断,切勿把水浇到电气用具或开关上。假如电气用具或插头仍然着火,切勿用手碰及电气用具的开关。
2. If the electrical appliances are on fire: turn off the main switch and extinguish the fire with water or fire extinguishers, but it is an exception for TV sets and computers to catch fire. If the power supply is not cut off, do not pour water on the electrical appliances or switches. If electrical appliances or plugs are still on fire, do not touch the switch of electrical appliances with your hands.
三、 假如电视机或电脑着火:拔除电视机或电脑的插头,或是者关上总开关,用毯子、地毯、灭火毯等扑灭火焰,切勿用水或灭火器救火,由于机体内或许仍有残余电力,引致电击。
3. If the TV or computer is on fire: pull out the plug of the TV or computer, or turn off the main switch, put out the fire with blankets, carpets, fire blankets, etc. Do not use water or fire extinguishers to put out the fire, because there may still be residual electricity in the body, causing electric shocks.
四、 假如燃油暖炉着火:站在离火焰至少6尺(2公尺)处,用水桶盛水浇灭火焰。
4. If the oil heater is on fire, stand at least 6 feet (2 meters) away from the flame and water the fire in a bucket.
五、假如塑料沙发或塑料扶手椅子着火:泡沫塑料焚烧的时分,会发出大量有毒的黑烟,能够在转瞬间把人呛晕。在这情况下,切勿试图救火。与此同时,脱离房间顺手关上门,以免浓烟散到别处,打电话召救火车。
5. If the plastic sofa or armchair is on fire: when the foam plastic is burned, a lot of poisonous black smoke will be emitted, which can make people choke in an instant. In this case, do not attempt to fire. At the same time, close the door without leaving the room, so as not to let the smoke disperse elsewhere and call for a fire engine.
六、 假如衣服着火:不要让伤者惊慌乱闯,由于胡乱走动会使火势更强烈,使伤者躺下,以免火焰蔓延到头部。用水或其他非易燃液体浇灭火焰。另一个办法是大衣、窗布、毯子(非人造纤维制品)或厚重衣物把伤者裹住,然后扶伤者躺下,切勿尼龙或人造纤维布料去灭火,切勿在地上翻转伤者身体,不然或许扩大烧伤的面积,并按烧伤程度料理伤者。
6. If the clothes catch fire, don't let the wounded panic and rush, because the random movement will make the fire more intense, so that the wounded lie down, so as not to spread the flame to the head. Water or other non-flammable liquids are used to pour out the fire. Another way is to wrap the wounded in a coat, window cloth, blanket (non-man-made fibre products) or heavy clothing. Then the wounded person will lie down. Never use nylon or man-made fibre cloth to extinguish the fire. Never turn over the wounded person on the ground. Otherwise, the area of the burn may be enlarged and the wounded person will be treated according to the degree of burn.
七、 假如嗅到烧焦气味:需唤醒屋内各人,若火势太猛,叫各人跑出屋外。若怀疑关上房门的房间起火,切勿翻开门追究,逃出火场时,顺手把所有门关上,阻止火势蔓延及烟雾分散,在火场邻近打电话召救火车参与补救,切勿重回火场。
7. If you can smell the burning smell, wake up everyone in the room. If the fire is too fierce, ask everyone to run out of the room. If you suspect that a room closing the door is on fire, don't open the door for investigation. When you escape from the fire, close all the doors to prevent the spread of the fire and the spread of smoke. Call a rescue train near the fire site to take part in the remedy and never return to the fire site.
八、 假如在高处被困:跑到临街的房间,关上房门,用被单和衣物堵塞门缝,翻开窗户呼救,非到最危急关头,切勿从窗口跳下。
8. If you are trapped in a high place: run to a room near the street, close the door, block the door with sheets and clothes, open the window and call for help. Do not jump out of the window until the most critical moment.

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