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保安需要了解的法律知识

来源:http://www.cqzhongtebao.com  发布时间:2018-07-04
1、什么是刑法?
1. What is the criminal law?
广义的刑法是体现统治阶级意志,并以国家名义规定何种行为是犯罪处以何种刑罚的法律规的总称。狭义的刑法,仅指《中华人民共和国刑法》。
The generalized criminal law is a general rule of law which reflects the will of the ruling class and stipulates what kind of act is the penalty for the crime in the name of the state. The narrow sense of Criminal Law refers only to the criminal law of the People's Republic of China.
2、什么是犯罪?犯罪具有哪些基本特征?
2. What is a crime? What are the basic features of a crime?
犯罪,是指掌握国家政权的统治阶级,为了维护其阶段利益和统治秩序,把危害统治阶段利益和统治秩序的行为,在法律上规定为犯罪,并对犯罪分子予以刑罚处罚。
Crime refers to the ruling class who has mastered the state power. In order to maintain its stage interests and rule order, the act of endangering the interests of the ruling stage and the order of rule is stipulated in the law as a crime, and the criminals are punished and punished.
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犯罪的基本特征是:
The basic characteristics of the crime are:
(1)、犯罪是危害社会的行为,具有社会危害性。没有社会危害性的行为不是犯罪。情节显著轻微危害不大的,不认为是犯罪。
(1) crime is a behavior that endangers society and has social harmfulness. A act without social harm is not a crime. If the plot is not significant, it is not considered a crime.
(2)、犯罪是违反刑法的行为,具有刑事违法性。违法行为既包括违反刑法的行为,也包括违反民法、经济法、行政法或其他法律的行为。犯罪行为是违法行为严重到触犯刑法的地步,具备了刑法规定的犯罪构成条件的,才认为是犯罪。
(2) crime is a violation of criminal law and criminal illegality. Violations include both violations of the criminal law and violations of civil law, economic law, administrative law or other laws. Criminal offense is a serious violation of the criminal law, and it is considered a crime if it has the conditions of the constitution stipulated by the criminal law.
(3)、犯罪是依照法律应当受到刑罚处罚的行为,具有受惩罚性,危害社会的行为,应当受到刑罚处罚的。
(3) crime is a punishment that should be punished according to the law. It is punishing and harmful to society. It should be punished by punishment.

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